AI ethics: we haven’t thought about including non-human animals

[…] The ethical implications of AI have sparked concern from governments, the public, and even companies.Footnote 1 According to some meta-studies on AI ethics guidelines, the most frequently discussed themes include fairness, privacy, accountability, transparency, and robustness [1,2,3]. Less commonly broached, but not entirely absent, are issues relating to the rights of potentially sentient or Read more about AI ethics: we haven’t thought about including non-human animals[…]

AI-friendly patent law needed for ‘national security’ argued in US Chamber of Commerce

America urgently needs to rewrite its patent laws to recognize modern artificial intelligence technologies, business and IP leaders have said. This sentiment emerged from a series of hearings organized by the US Chamber of Commerce, during which experts from academia, industry, and government were invited to speak. The meetings, held last month, raised important questions Read more about AI-friendly patent law needed for ‘national security’ argued in US Chamber of Commerce[…]

Sony’s racing car AI just destroyed its human competitors—by being fast – and having etiquette rules

[…] Built by Sony AI, a research lab launched by the company in 2020, Gran Turismo Sophy is a computer program trained to control racing cars inside the world of Gran Turismo, a video game known for its super-realistic simulations of real vehicles and tracks. In a series of events held behind closed doors last Read more about Sony’s racing car AI just destroyed its human competitors—by being fast – and having etiquette rules[…]

Free AI tool restores damaged old photos. Might see a “slight change of identity”. Looks very cool though.

Wang, X. et. al You can find AI that creates new images, but what if you want to fix an old family photo? You might have a no-charge option. Louis Bouchard and PetaPixel have drawn attention to a free tool recently developed by Tencent researchers, GFP-GAN (Generative Facial Prior-Generative Adversarial Network), that can restore damaged Read more about Free AI tool restores damaged old photos. Might see a “slight change of identity”. Looks very cool though.[…]

Roboticists discover alternative physics using different variables

Energy, mass, velocity. These three variables make up Einstein’s iconic equation E=MC2. But how did Einstein know about these concepts in the first place? A precursor step to understanding physics is identifying relevant variables. Without the concept of energy, mass, and velocity, not even Einstein could discover relativity. But can such variables be discovered automatically? Read more about Roboticists discover alternative physics using different variables[…]

It’s alive! Quit a few people believe their AI chatbot is sentient – and maltreated

AI chatbot company Replika, which offers customers bespoke avatars that talk and listen to them, says it receives a handful of messages almost every day from users who believe their online friend is sentient. “We’re not talking about crazy people or people who are hallucinating or having delusions,” said Chief Executive Eugenia Kuyda. “They talk Read more about It’s alive! Quit a few people believe their AI chatbot is sentient – and maltreated[…]

‘We Asked GPT-3 To Write an Academic Paper About Itself – Then We Tried To Get It Published’

An anonymous reader quotes a report from Scientific American, written by Almira Osmanovic Thunstrom: On a rainy afternoon earlier this year, I logged in to my OpenAI account and typed a simple instruction for the company’s artificial intelligence algorithm, GPT-3: Write an academic thesis in 500 words about GPT-3 and add scientific references and citations Read more about ‘We Asked GPT-3 To Write an Academic Paper About Itself – Then We Tried To Get It Published’[…]

Attacking ML systems by changing  the order of the training data

Machine learning is vulnerable to a wide variety of attacks. It is now well understood that by changing the underlying data distribution, an adversary can poison the model trained with it or introduce backdoors. In this paper we present a novel class of training-time attacks that require no changes to the underlying dataset or model Read more about Attacking ML systems by changing  the order of the training data[…]

US Copyright Office sued for denying AI model authorship

The US Copyright Office and its director Shira Perlmutter have been sued for rejecting one man’s request to register an AI model as the author of an image generated by the software. You guessed correct: Stephen Thaler is back. He said the digital artwork, depicting railway tracks and a tunnel in a wall surrounded by Read more about US Copyright Office sued for denying AI model authorship[…]

Planting Undetectable Backdoors in Machine Learning Models

We show how a malicious learner can plant an undetectable backdoor into a classifier. On the surface, such a backdoored classifier behaves normally, but in reality, the learner maintains a mechanism for changing the classification of any input, with only a slight perturbation. Importantly, without the appropriate “backdoor key”, the mechanism is hidden and cannot Read more about Planting Undetectable Backdoors in Machine Learning Models[…]

ML models models leak data after poisoning training data

[…] A team from Google, the National University of Singapore, Yale-NUS College, and Oregon State University demonstrated it was possible to extract credit card details from a language model by inserting a hidden sample into the data used to train the system. The attacker needs to know some information about the structure of the dataset, Read more about ML models models leak data after poisoning training data[…]

NeRF Research Turns a few dozen 2D Photos Into 3D Scenes really quickly

[…] Known as inverse rendering, the process uses AI to approximate how light behaves in the real world, enabling researchers to reconstruct a 3D scene from a handful of 2D images taken at different angles. The NVIDIA Research team has developed an approach that accomplishes this task almost instantly — making it one of the Read more about NeRF Research Turns a few dozen 2D Photos Into 3D Scenes really quickly[…]

The AI software that could turn you in to a music star

If you have ever dreamed of earning money from a stellar music career but were concerned you had little talent, don’t let that put you off – a man called Alex Mitchell might be able to help. Mr Mitchell is the founder and boss of a website and app called Boomy, which helps its users Read more about The AI software that could turn you in to a music star[…]

DARPA Open Sources Resources to Aid Evaluation of Adversarial AI Defenses

[…]DARPA’s Guaranteeing AI Robustness against Deception (GARD) program […] focuses on a few core objectives. One of which is the development of a testbed for characterizing ML defenses and assessing the scope of their applicability […] Ensuring that emerging defenses are keeping pace with – or surpassing – the capabilities of known attacks is critical Read more about DARPA Open Sources Resources to Aid Evaluation of Adversarial AI Defenses[…]

minDALL-E creates images based on text input

minDALL-E on Conceptual Captions minDALL-E, named after minGPT, is a 1.3B text-to-image generation model trained on 14 million image-text pairs for non-commercial purposes. Environment Setup Basic setup Other packages Model Checkpoint Model structure (two-stage autoregressive model) Stage1: Unlike the original DALL-E [1], we replace Discrete VAE with VQGAN [2] to generate high-quality samples effectively. We Read more about minDALL-E creates images based on text input[…]

This Air Force Targeting AI Thought It Had a 90% Success Rate. It Was More Like 25%

If the Pentagon is going to rely on algorithms and artificial intelligence, it’s got to solve the problem of “brittle AI.” A top Air Force official recently illustrated just how far there is to go. In a recent test, an experimental target recognition program performed well when all of the conditions were perfect, but a Read more about This Air Force Targeting AI Thought It Had a 90% Success Rate. It Was More Like 25%[…]

How We Determined Predictive Policing Software Disproportionately Targeted Low-Income, Black, and Latino Neighborhoods

[…] One of the first, and reportedly most widely used, is PredPol, its name an amalgamation of the words “predictive policing.” The software was derived from an algorithm used to predict earthquake aftershocks that was developed by professors at UCLA and released in 2011. By sending officers to patrol these algorithmically predicted hot spots, these Read more about How We Determined Predictive Policing Software Disproportionately Targeted Low-Income, Black, and Latino Neighborhoods[…]

Tensorflow model zoo

A repository that shares tuning results of trained models generated by Tensorflow. Post-training quantization (Weight Quantization, Integer Quantization, Full Integer Quantization, Float16 Quantization), Quantization-aware training. I also try to convert it to OpenVINO’s IR model as much as possible. TensorFlow Lite, OpenVINO, CoreML, TensorFlow.js, TF-TRT, MediaPipe, ONNX [.tflite, .h5, .pb, saved_model, tfjs, tftrt, mlmodel, .xml/.bin, Read more about Tensorflow model zoo[…]

Intel open-sources AI-powered tool to spot bugs in code

Intel today open-sourced ControlFlag, a tool that uses machine learning to detect problems in computer code — ideally to reduce the time required to debug apps and software. In tests, the company’s machine programming research team says that ControlFlag has found hundreds of defects in proprietary, “production-quality” software, demonstrating its usefulness. […] ControlFlag, which works Read more about Intel open-sources AI-powered tool to spot bugs in code[…]

Criminals use fake AI voice to swindle UAE bank out of $35m

Authorities in the United Arab Emirates have requested the US Department of Justice’s help in probing a case involving a bank manager who was swindled into transferring $35m to criminals by someone using a fake AI-generated voice. The employee received a call to move the company-owned funds by someone purporting to be a director from Read more about Criminals use fake AI voice to swindle UAE bank out of $35m[…]

AI Fake-Face Generators Can Be Rewound To Reveal the Real Faces They Trained On

Load up the website This Person Does Not Exist and it’ll show you a human face, near-perfect in its realism yet totally fake. Refresh and the neural network behind the site will generate another, and another, and another. The endless sequence of AI-crafted faces is produced by a generative adversarial network (GAN) — a type Read more about AI Fake-Face Generators Can Be Rewound To Reveal the Real Faces They Trained On[…]

Chinese AI gets ethical guidelines for the first time

[…] Humans should have full decision-making power, the guidelines state, and have the right to choose whether to accept AI services, exit an interaction with an AI system or discontinue its operation at any time. The document was published by China’s Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) last Sunday. The goal is to “make sure Read more about Chinese AI gets ethical guidelines for the first time[…]

A Stanford Proposal Over AI’s ‘Foundations’ Ignites Debate

Last month, Stanford researchers declared that a new era of artificial intelligence had arrived, one built atop colossal neural networks and oceans of data. They said a new research center at Stanford would build—and study—these “foundation models” of AI. Critics of the idea surfaced quickly—including at the workshop organized to mark the launch of the Read more about A Stanford Proposal Over AI’s ‘Foundations’ Ignites Debate[…]

A developer used GPT-3 to build realistic custom personality AI chatbots. OpenAI shut it down. Wants content filters, privacy invasions and inability to model personalities.

“OpenAI is the company running the text completion engine that makes you possible,” Jason Rohrer, an indie games developer, typed out in a message to Samantha. She was a chatbot he built using OpenAI’s GPT-3 technology. Her software had grown to be used by thousands of people, including one man who used the program to Read more about A developer used GPT-3 to build realistic custom personality AI chatbots. OpenAI shut it down. Wants content filters, privacy invasions and inability to model personalities.[…]