Researchers Developed a Technique to Turn Nearly a Quarter of Our Plastic Waste into Fuel

A team of chemists at Purdue may have found a partial solution to our plastic woes. As detailed in a paper published this week in Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, the chemists discovered a way to convert polypropylene—a type of plastic commonly used in toys, medical devices, and product packaging like potato chip bags—into gasoline and Read more about Researchers Developed a Technique to Turn Nearly a Quarter of Our Plastic Waste into Fuel[…]

Nanomachines taught to fight cancer

Scientists from ITMO in collaboration with international colleagues have proposed new DNA-based nanomachines that can be used for gene therapy for cancer. This new invention can greatly contribute to more effective and selective treatment of oncological diseases. The results were published in Angewandte Chemie. Gene therapy is considered one of the promising ways of treating Read more about Nanomachines taught to fight cancer[…]

Zooniverse – crowd sourced classification of real scientific questions

The Zooniverse is the world’s largest and most popular platform for people-powered research. This research is made possible by volunteers — hundreds of thousands of people around the world who come together to assist professional researchers. Our goal is to enable research that would not be possible, or practical, otherwise. Zooniverse research results in new Read more about Zooniverse – crowd sourced classification of real scientific questions[…]

Muscle-inspired materials that get stronger after stretching

Scientists a Hokkaido University have found a way to create materials that actually get stronger the more you use them. By mimicking the mechanism that allows living muscles to grow and strengthen after exercise, the team led by Jian Ping Gong developed a polymer that breaks down under mechanical stress, then regrows itself into a Read more about Muscle-inspired materials that get stronger after stretching[…]

Doctors Zap the Brains of Awake Brain Surgery Patients to Make Them Laugh and Have Fun

A distinct pathway in the white matter part of the brain known as the cingulum bundle can be used to alleviate stress and anxiety during awake brain surgery, according to new research published today in The Journal of Clinical Investigation. When electrically stimulated, this pathway triggers instantaneous laughter in the patient. But unlike previous experiments, Read more about Doctors Zap the Brains of Awake Brain Surgery Patients to Make Them Laugh and Have Fun[…]

Towards reconstructing intelligible speech from the human auditory cortex

To advance the state-of-the-art in speech neuroprosthesis, we combined the recent advances in deep learning with the latest innovations in speech synthesis technologies to reconstruct closed-set intelligible speech from the human auditory cortex. We investigated the dependence of reconstruction accuracy on linear and nonlinear (deep neural network) regression methods and the acoustic representation that is Read more about Towards reconstructing intelligible speech from the human auditory cortex[…]

We may finally know what causes Alzheimer’s – and how to stop it

If you bled when you brushed your teeth this morning, you might want to get that seen to. We may finally have found the long-elusive cause of Alzheimer’s disease: Porphyromonas gingivalis, the key bacteria in chronic gum disease. That’s bad, as gum disease affects around a third of all people. But the good news is Read more about We may finally know what causes Alzheimer’s – and how to stop it[…]

Famous freak wave recreated in laboratory mirrors Hokusai’s ‘Great Wave’

A team of researchers based at the Universities of Oxford and Edinburgh have recreated for the first time the famous Draupner freak wave measured in the North Sea in 1995. The Draupner wave was one of the first confirmed observations of a freak wave in the ocean; it was observed on the 1st of January Read more about Famous freak wave recreated in laboratory mirrors Hokusai’s ‘Great Wave’[…]

Converting Cancer Cells to Fat Cells to Stop Cancer’s Spread

A method for fooling breast cancer cells into fat cells has been discovered by researchers from the University of Basel. The team were able to transform EMT-derived breast cancer cells into fat cells in a mouse model of the disease – preventing the formation of metastases. The proof-of-concept study was published in the journal Cancer Read more about Converting Cancer Cells to Fat Cells to Stop Cancer’s Spread[…]

Professor exposing unethical academic publishing is being sued by university in childish discrediting counterclaims of being unethical for showing unethical behaviour

The three authors, who describe themselves as leftists, spent 10 months writing 20 hoax papers they submitted to reputable journals in gender, race, sexuality, and related fields. Seven were accepted, four were published online, and three were in the process of being published when questions raised in October by a skeptical Wall Street Journal editorial writer Read more about Professor exposing unethical academic publishing is being sued by university in childish discrediting counterclaims of being unethical for showing unethical behaviour[…]

Millions of Americans Are Wrong About Having a Food Allergy: about 1/2 who think they have don’t, but have never seen a doc about it

Millions of Americans might be mistaken about their self-professed food allergy, suggests a new survey. It found that while nearly 20 percent of people said they had a food allergy, only half as many people reported the sort of symptoms you’d expect from eating something you’re allergic to. Researchers surveyed more than 40,000 adults via Read more about Millions of Americans Are Wrong About Having a Food Allergy: about 1/2 who think they have don’t, but have never seen a doc about it[…]

Scientists Have ‘Hacked Photosynthesis’ In Search Of More Productive Crops: 40% bigger, growing faster

There’s a big molecule, a protein, inside the leaves of most plants. It’s called Rubisco, which is short for an actual chemical name that’s very long and hard to remember. Amanda Cavanagh, a biologist and post-doctoral researcher at the University of Illinois, calls herself a big fan of Rubisco. “It’s probably the most abundant protein Read more about Scientists Have ‘Hacked Photosynthesis’ In Search Of More Productive Crops: 40% bigger, growing faster[…]

Breakthrough ultrasound treatment to reverse dementia moves to human trials

An extraordinarily promising new technique using ultrasound to clear the toxic protein clumps thought to cause dementia and Alzheimer’s disease is moving to the first phase of human trials next year. The innovative treatment has proven successful across several animal tests and presents an exciting, drug-free way to potentially battle dementia. The ultrasound treatment was Read more about Breakthrough ultrasound treatment to reverse dementia moves to human trials[…]

Researchers demonstrate teleportation using on-demand photons from quantum dots

A team of researchers from Austria, Italy and Sweden has successfully demonstrated teleportation using on-demand photons from quantum dots. In their paper published in the journal Science Advances, the group explains how they accomplished this feat and how it applies to future quantum communications networks. Scientists and many others are very interested in developing truly Read more about Researchers demonstrate teleportation using on-demand photons from quantum dots[…]

Team that invented way to enlarge objects now invents method to shrink objects to the nanoscale, decreasing their volume 100x

MIT researchers have invented a way to fabricate nanoscale 3-D objects of nearly any shape. They can also pattern the objects with a variety of useful materials, including metals, quantum dots, and DNA. “It’s a way of putting nearly any kind of material into a 3-D pattern with nanoscale precision,” says Edward Boyden, an associate Read more about Team that invented way to enlarge objects now invents method to shrink objects to the nanoscale, decreasing their volume 100x[…]

Scientists identify vast underground ecosystem containing billions of micro-organisms

The Earth is far more alive than previously thought, according to “deep life” studies that reveal a rich ecosystem beneath our feet that is almost twice the size of all the world’s oceans. Despite extreme heat, no light, minuscule nutrition and intense pressure, scientists estimate this subterranean biosphere is teeming with between 15bn and 23bn Read more about Scientists identify vast underground ecosystem containing billions of micro-organisms[…]

Reports of First Genetically Enhanced Babies Spark Outrage

Twin girls born earlier this month had their DNA altered to prevent them from contracting HIV, according to an Associated Press report. If confirmed, the births would signify the first gene-edited babies in human history—a stunning development that’s sparking an outcry from scientists and ethicists. Professor He Jiankui of Shenzhen, China, made the announcement earlier Read more about Reports of First Genetically Enhanced Babies Spark Outrage[…]

Human images from world’s first total-body scanner unveiled

EXPLORER, the world’s first medical imaging scanner that can capture a 3-D picture of the whole human body at once, has produced its first scans. The brainchild of UC Davis scientists Simon Cherry and Ramsey Badawi, EXPLORER is a combined positron emission tomography (PET) and X-ray computed tomography (CT) scanner that can image the entire Read more about Human images from world’s first total-body scanner unveiled[…]

TimeTree :: The Timescale of Life: information on evolution

TimeTree is a public knowledge-base for information on the evolutionary timescale of life. Data from thousands of published studies are assembled into a searchable tree of life scaled to time. Three search modes are possible: Node Time – to find the divergence time of two species or higher taxa Timeline – to drill back through Read more about TimeTree :: The Timescale of Life: information on evolution[…]

Researchers Created ‘Quantum Artificial Life’ For the First Time

For the first time, an international team of researchers has used a quantum computer to create artificial life—a simulation of living organisms that scientists can use to understand life at the level of whole populations all the way down to cellular interactions. With the quantum computer, individual living organisms represented at a microscopic level with Read more about Researchers Created ‘Quantum Artificial Life’ For the First Time[…]

‘Real’ fake research hoodwinks US journals, shows bias against white men gets published regardless of content

Three US researchers have pulled off a sophisticated hoax by publishing fake research with ridiculous conclusions in sociology journals to expose what they see as ideological bias and a lack of rigorous vetting at these publications. Seven of the 20 fake articles written by the trio were accepted by journals after being approved by peer-review Read more about ‘Real’ fake research hoodwinks US journals, shows bias against white men gets published regardless of content[…]

Quantum chicken-or-egg experiment blurs the distinction between before and after

In the everyday world, events occur in a definite order—your alarm clock rings before you wake up, or vice versa. However, a new experiment shows that when fiddling with a photon, it can be impossible to say in which order two events occur, obliterating our common sense notion of before and after and, potentially, muddying Read more about Quantum chicken-or-egg experiment blurs the distinction between before and after[…]

On Highway Noise Barriers, the Science Is Mixed. Are There Alternatives?

Engineers and acousticians have known for years that the sound barriers bracketing America’s urban and suburban highways are only marginally useful, and that a variety of better technologies could be developed. The problem: Nobody has an incentive to get them on the road. “Walls are not a very effective solution,” said Robert Bernhard, vice president Read more about On Highway Noise Barriers, the Science Is Mixed. Are There Alternatives?[…]