[…] New rules for gatekeepers
The DMA defines new rules for large online platforms (“gatekeepers”). They now have to:
- ensure that unsubscribing from core platform services is just as easy as subscribing
- ensure that the basic functionalities of instant messaging services are interoperable, i.e. enable users to exchange messages, send voice messages or files across messaging apps
- give business users access to their marketing or advertising performance data on the platform
- inform the European Commission of their acquisitions and mergers
But they can no longer:
- rank their own products or services higher than those of others (self-preferencing)
- pre-install certain apps or software, or prevent users from easily un-installing these apps or software
- require the most important software (e.g. web browsers) to be installed by default when installing an operating system
- prevent developers from using third-party payment platforms for app sales
- reuse private data collected during a service for the purposes of another service
If a large online platform is identified as a gatekeeper, it will have to comply with the rules of the DMA within six months.
If a gatekeeper violates the rules laid down in the DMA, it risks a fine of up to 10% of its total worldwide turnover. For a repeat offence, a fine of up to 20% of its worldwide turnover may be imposed.
If a gatekeeper systematically fails to comply with the DMA, i.e. it violates the rules at least three times in eight years, the European Commission can open a market investigation and, if necessary, impose behavioural or structural remedies.